CSIR Technology Portal
CSIR Technology Portal

The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) was established on September 26, 1942. The immediate goal of CSIR was to bring science and technology to the country and develop research capabilities which would support industry. Today, CSIR is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledgebase in diverse S&T areas and is a contemporary R&D organization. Having pan-India presence, CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 National Laboratories, 39 Outreach Centres, 3 Innovation Complexes and 5 units. CSIR’s R&D expertise and experience is embodied in about 4600 active scientists supported by about 8000 scientific and technical personnel.

The people and nation-centric thrust to science, technology and societal pursuits remains the cornerstone of CSIR's mission. In view of rising dreams and aspirations of the nation, its expectation from CSIR and the other public funded institutions is ever increasing. Not only are the pace of scientific and technological growth and the aspirations of higher living standards evident today but also many age old myths of economy and growth have been broken; e.g., the shift from manufacturing to services; capital resources to knowledge resources; population as a burden to human resource as an asset; national needs to international opportunities and so on. The changed scenario has inspired CSIR towards:

  • Science & engineering leadership;
  • Innovative technology solutions;
  • Open innovation and crowd sourcing;
  • Nurturing talent in transdisciplinary areas;
  • Science based entrepreneurship; and
  • Socio-economic transformation through S&T intervention

CSIR's research and development efforts are led by national goals. Natural resource & knowledge-base of the country, geographical and demographical advantages, energy conservation, environment friendliness, sustainability and CSIR's competence steer the direction of research.
The broad areas of focus are:

  • Affordable healthcare;
  • Agri-food technologies;
  • Sustainable energy;
  • Chemistry and environment;
  • Smart & functional materials;
  • Engincering Structures/ Design & Electronics;
  • Civil aviation;
  • Climate change & EarthSystem Sciences; and CSIR-800.

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Generating new knowledge and protecting its Intellectual Property has been one of the core missions of CSIR. CSIR believes that performing good science and protecting intellectual property are not mutually exclusive. This credo was ingrained in the ethos of CSIR by none other than its founding Director General, Sir Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar. Dr. Bhatnagar was a globally renowned physical chemist, a Fellow of the Royal Society and was cited as an inventor in as many as 50 Patents. He licensed two of his patents to global companies and earned handsome royalties, which he generously donated to the organization that employed him.

This spirit pervades CSIR even today, after seventy years of its inception. Post 1990, CSIR has pursued its strategy of protecting its knowledge base with renewed vigour. CSIR has provided leadership to the nation in articulating the importance of IP protection, so that India's knowledge creates wealth for India, rather than wealth in other parts of the world.

CSIR was granted greater than 90% of the US patents filed by any Indian publicly funded R&D organization and has a wide portfolio of patents in its armoury. About 9% of its patents are licensed, a number which is above the global average, amongst its peers in publicly funded research organizations in the world. CSIR-lndia is a leader in terms of filing and securing patents worldwide. CSIR's IP has led to the creation of both wealth as well as widespread societal impact. For example, the Soft Coke Oven Technology has generated 342 licensees with a Direct Value Creation Multiple of at least 400. A portfolio of patents on chemistry and technology of polycarbonates was licensed to General Electric (GE) Plastics, which resulted in licensing and research income exceeding US $10 million.

These patents have played both, strategic and tactical roles. They have catalyzed the growth of a strong domestic industry, protected Indian companies from infringement and provided them with the necessary IP support to enter competitive export markets. IP of CSIR has also brought respect to the organization and visibility to India as an Innovative Nation. CSIR has demonstrated to the world that India is second to none when it comes to inventions and securing patents and has dispelled the prevalent notion that India merely thrives on imitation and copying.

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The founding fathers of CSIR envisioned CSIR to be an organization that will create technologies for the growth of the Indian industry. At the time of India's independence, the nation's industrial infrastructure was in shambles and required considerable building. CSIR was a partner in this national goal. Many industries took roots, both, in public and private sectors based on pioneering initiatives of CSIR.

The birth and growth of India's chemical, agrochemical, generic drugs, petroleum, petrochemicals and engineering industries can be traced to specific interventions of CSIR. The first organic chemical company (Hindustan Organic Chemicals ), the first agrochemical company (Hindustan Insecticides Limited), the first generic drug manufacturing company (CIPLA) and the first tractor manufacturing company (Punjab Tractors Limited) all owe their origins to CSIR.

Since the beginning of the nineties, when India began integrating into the global economy, in terms, of trade, finance and business, CSIR redirected its energies to developing technologies that are globally competitive and protected by non-infringing patents.

A whole new set of industries (carbon fiber manufacturing, export oriented speciality chemicals, technology for MSME’s to enhance their competition globally) based on CSIR knowhow, have emerged since then, catering to diverse sectors of the Indian economy and contributing to wealth creation, both within India and opening up new export markets for its products.

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CSIR impacts the society through transfer of technology, knowledge, skills and people. CSIR is endeavouring to develop and promote technologies that reduce the cost of healthcare, agro-food technologies that promote the utilisation of economic crops and increase the income of farmers, facilitating sustainable energy and environmental solutions to reduce carbon footprint, developing smart and functional materials, building materials, engineering structures and civil aviation. CSIR continuously wishes to play a pivotal role in partnering and strengthening Indian industry. Listed here are active and mature technologies that are available for licensing from CSIR labs.

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CSIR Technology seeks multiple stakeholders. Industry is one of them. Industries exploit CSIR's technologies and create jobs and wealth for the nation. Society, at large, is also one of the key stakeholders of CSIR technologies. Balance sheets or profit and loss alone cannot be an indicator of the value of the technology that benefits the underserved population of the country, many of whom are today excluded from the market economy.

CSIR has a special focus on such consumers of technology. Over the years, many technologies of CSIR have brought demonstrated benefits to people who are not served by traditional markets. Today, CSIR is the only organization in India that fulfills this important role in partnership with state and central Governments and social entrepreneurs in the non-governmental sector.

In this section, we provide a snapshot of representative S&T interventions from CSIR, over the past 75 years, which have been socially transformative. With 800 million people still at the bottom of India's economic pyramid, we believe that CSIR has a unique responsibility to address their needs through S&T. We reaffirm our resolve to be relevant to this segment of our fellow Indians.

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